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"Share your Knowledge. It is a Way to Achieve Immortality".---Dalai Lama XIV
अपने ज्ञान को साझा करना (शेयर), यह एक तरह से अमरत्व को प्राप्त करने जैसा है- दलाई लामा XIV (Translated By-Asheesh kamal)

Thursday, December 8, 2016

General Knowledge Question for NVS-KVS exam-1-50

1 Who was the first Governor General of Bengal? 
Warren Hastings. 

2 What was the most important difference between the British and other conquerors of India? 
Previous invaders became an integral part of India, whereas the British always maintained their own identity. 

3 Who was the Maratha general who repeatedly fought against die British during die 1857 revolt and later kept harassing the British with guerrilla warfare till he was betrayed by Mansingh and hanged by the British? 

4 When was the Champaran Agitation launched? 
The Champaran agitation was launched in the Champaran district of Bihar. It was against the English landlords who used to force the peasants, to cultivate indigo. When synthetic indigo was discovered they began to force the peasants to pay them compensation for not growing indigo any longer. 

5 Which area did the Japanese hand over to the Azad Hind Government?Andaman and Nicobar islands.

6 Where did Mahatma Gandhi establish his first ashram in India? 
At Sabarmati, Ahmedabad.

7 Who popularised the Young India Journal? 
Mahatma Gandhi. 

8 Why did Mahatma Gandhi spin cloth daily? 
To emphasise the dignity of labour and the value of self-reliance. Gandhi once said that from among the activities he was engaged in, khadi and uplift of the scheduled castes was the most important to him. 

9 Why was the Akali movement started? 
To remove corrupt mahants from the Gurudwaras.

10 What was the unique mode of protest of the population of Chirala (in present day Andhra Pradesh) against the British? 
The whole town refused to pay the municipal tax and moved out of the village. 

11 What was the ChauriChaura incident? 
A crowd angered by police firing set Fire to a police station killing many policemen.

12 What was the impact of the ChauriChaura incident on the Freedom struggle? 
Gandhiji suspended the struggle because he felt people had yet to understand the concept of non-violence. 

13 Where was the decision to suspend the agitation taken?
Bardoli in Gujarat.

14 Who founded the Swarajya party? 
ChittaRanjan Das and Motilal Nehru.

15 To which country did Subhas Chandra Bose escape to carry on the Freedom Struggle? 
Germany. He escaped from Calcutta (Kolkata) and travelled through Peshawar, reaching Kabul via Jalalabad. From there he went to Russia (with an Italian passport) and then to Berlin from Moscow. 

16 Who is the father of the Indian Chemical Industry? 
Prafulla Chandra Ray. 

17 After Delhi fell to the British during the revolt of 1857 what brutal act did the British officer Hodson commit? 
He shot dead the sons of Bahadur Shah at point blank range. 

18 Who passed a resolution declaring Sati illegal and punishable by the courts? William Bentinck. 

19 Who led the rebellion of the Koyas (tribals of the West Godavari district in Andhra Pradesh) against the British? 

20 When was Bengal first partitioned by the British, leading to wide-spread agitation? 
In 1905.

21 Who did the soldiers, who rebelled in Meerut, declare as the Emperor of India? 
The soldiers set out for Delhi from Meerut where they were joined by the local infantry. Here they proclaimed Bahadur Shah as the Emperor of India. 

22 Who led the revolt at Lucknow? 
Begum Hazrat Mahal of Awadh.

23 Who founded the Arya Samaj? 
Swami DayanandaSaraswati in 1875.

24 What did Swami Dayananda Saraswati regard as infallible? 
The Vedas. He considered them to be the fountain of knowledge. 

25 Madam H.P. Blavatsky and Colonel H.S Olcott founded the headquarters of this society at Adyar, Madras. Which society was this? 
The Theosophical Society.

26 Who was the first Indian to be elected to the leadership of the Communist International? 

27 Who threw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly? 
Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt (on April 9, 1929).Their aim in throwing a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly was, as their leaflet pointed out, "to make the deaf hear". Not to hurt anyone. 

28 Which British general defeated Haider Ali? 
EyreCooteinJuly 1781.

629 He was a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army. He was sentenced to death for his role in the Kakori train conspiracy. He composed the revolutionary song, "Sarfaroshi ki tamana ab hamare dil mein hai....." Name him. Ram Prasad Bismil. (1897-1927). 

30 Who became the Peshwa after the Battle of Panipat? 
MadhavRao. After the death of BalajiBajiRao.

31 Which Mughal Emperor became a pensioner of the Marathas in 1771?

32 When was the Poona Pact signed by Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar? 
In 1932.

33 When did Mahatma Gandhi arrive in India from South Africa? 
1915 (January).

34 Who was the Viceroy who was assassinated by a convict when he visited the Andamans?
Lord Mayo. 

35 When was the "Quit India" Resolution passed? 
August 8, 1942, in GoculdasTejpal Auditorium in Bombay.

36 Who was the only Indian ruler who never alied himself with the British to fight against other Indian rulers? 
Tipu Sultan. 

37 Who were the signatories to the treaty of Seringapatam (Srirangapatnam)? 
Tipu Sultan and the British.

38 What were the important clauses of the treaty of Seringapatam? 
Tipu Sultan had to cede about half his territories to the English and also pay Rs.330 lakhs as indemnity. His two sons were also kept as hostages. 

39 What was the Wood's Despatch? What is its significance? 
Sir Charles Wood sent an educational despatch that formed the basis of the subsequent development of university education in India. Based on the principles outlined in Wood's Despatch three universities were established in India in Calcutta (Kolkata}, Bombay (Mumbai) and Madras (Chennai). 

40 Who were the Siddhis? 
They were people of Abyssinian descent who were put in charge of important forts like Raigarh, Dabhol and Ratnagiri by Aurangzeb. They were a maritime power and constant source of problems for the Marathas. 

41 He was a revolutionary, who was arrested by the British in the Maniktala bomb conspiracy. In 1910, he went to Pondicherry and led a life of a spiritualist. Who was he? 

42 Who founded the Benaras Hindu University? 
PanditMadan Mohan Malaviya in 1916.

43 He entered politics with the Kheda Satyagraha. In 1922 he played a leading role in the Bardoli Satyagraha. He was Independent India's first home minister.Name him.
SardarVallabhbhai Patel. 

44 Who succeeded Peshwa Baji Rao? 
PeshwaBajiRao was succeeded by Balaji Baji Rao. 

45 Who was the Peshwa during the third battle of Panipat? 

46 Who founded the Tattvabodhini Sabha? 
Later he became a great leader of the BrahmoSamaj movement. Debendranath Tagore, father of Rabindranath Tagore. 

47 What was the Komagata Maru episode? 
The KomagataMaru was a Japanese vessel that was hired to take a large number of Punjabis to Canada. The passengers were not allowed to disembark and they therefore made their way back to India. The KomagataMaru on return, docked at Budge-Budge near Calcutta. The British ordered the passengers to go to Punjab in a special train. Those who wanted to go to Calcutta refused to do so and were fired upon, leaving eighteen dead and twenty nine not being accounted for.

48 After the Revolt, Bahadur Shah II was arrested and deported to a city outside modern India. Name the city. 

49 Who was the French Governor General who helped Muzzafar Jung become the Nizam of Hyderabad? 

50 How do we better know Narendranath Datta?
Swami Vivekananda. 

Thanks for visiting

Asheesh Kamal

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