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"Share your Knowledge. It is a Way to Achieve Immortality".---Dalai Lama XIV
अपने ज्ञान को साझा करना (शेयर), यह एक तरह से अमरत्व को प्राप्त करने जैसा है- दलाई लामा XIV (Translated By-Asheesh kamal)

Tuesday, February 9, 2016

Important for coming KVS Librarian Exam

Integrated library system:
An integrated library system (ILS), also known as a library management system 
(LMS),[1][2] is an enterprise resource planning system for a library, used to track
items owned, orders made, bills paid, and patrons who have borrowed.An ILS usually comprises a relational database, software to interact with that database, and two 
graphical user interfaces (one for patrons, one for staff). Most ILSes separate software functions into discrete programs called modules, each of them integrated with a unified interface.

Integrated library system modules:
Acquisitions (ordering, receiving, and invoicing materials)
Cataloging (classifying and indexing materials)
Circulation (lending materials to patrons and receiving them back)
Serials (tracking magazine and newspaper holdings)
OPAC (public interface for users)

Special Libraries Association (SLA):
Founded in 1909, SLA has an international membership of information professionals
employed in special libraries serving business, research, governments, universities,
newspapers, museums, and institutions that use or produce specialized information.
SLA publishes the monthly magazine Information Outlook. Click here to connect to
the SLA homepage. See also: Dana, John Cotton.

Spine label: 
A small typed or printed label affixed to the lower spine of a book or other
bibliographic item at the time it is processed, displaying its location symbol and call
number, for use in reshelving and to assist the user in retrieving the item from the
shelf once its call number has been found in the library catalog.

Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML):
Established in 1986, SGML is an ISO standard governing the rules for defining tag
sets that determine how machine-readable text documents are formatted. Not
dependent on a specific computer system or type of software, SGML is widely used
in preparing machine-readable text archives. The HTML code used to create Web
pages is an SGML language that uses a fixed set of predefined tags. XML is a subset
of SGML in which the tags are unlimited and not predefined.

Criteria established by professional associations, accrediting bodies, or agencies of
government for measuring and evaluating library services, collections, and programs
(example: Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education
published in 2000 by the Association of College and Research Libraries). Also refers
to any code of rules or procedures established by national and international library
organizations to govern bibliographic control, such as the MARC record format, CIP,
and the ISBN/ISSN adopted by the publishing industry.

A product, system, or design that represents the most advanced degree of technical
achievement in its field at the present time. In the construction of new facilities,
libraries typically strive for state-of-the-art design and technology, but must often
settle for what is financially feasible.

Subject bibliography:
A list of resources (books, articles, reports, etc.) on a specific topic, usually compiled
by a librarian or researcher with specialized knowledge of the subject, to acquaint
other researchers with the existing literature. A retrospective subject bibliography
may be selective or comprehensive within a designated publication period. A current
subject bibliography quickly becomes outdated unless updated, usually in
supplements. Book-length subject bibliographies may be shelved in the reference
section of the library. Compare with reading list.

Supplied title:
The title provided by the cataloger in the bibliographic description of an item lacking
a title proper on the chief source of information (title page or a substitute). A supplied
title may be 1) a word or phrase found elsewhere in or on the item, 2) taken from a
reference to the work found in another source, or 3) composed by the cataloger based
on an assessment of the scope and content of the work.

A group of experts gathered together to discuss a topic (or topics) of mutual interest,
often of a theoretical or philosophical nature, as in Plato’s Symposium. In ancient
Greece, music and drinking were traditional accompaniments at such gatherings,
which were restricted to males of the household. Plural: symposia.

A concise written description of the plot of a long narrative work (novel, play, opera,
epic poem, etc.), giving a quick, orderly overview of the whole, usually prepared by a
person other than the author. As a general rule, academic libraries do not purchase
reference works that specialize in providing synopses (example: Masterplots) because
they are too easily used by students to avoid reading assignments. Synonymous with
plot summary. Compare with abstract and summary.

A three-character numeric code in the range of 0XX-9XX with XX=01-99, used in
the MARC record to identify the kind of data contained in a field. The numbering
system allows fields to be grouped by function in hundreds. In fields requiring
authority control, the second and third character positions in the tag indicate parallel
content. According to Betty Furrie, approximately ten percent of all MARC tags are
used in most bibliographic records; the other ninety percent are used infrequently
(Understanding MARC Bibliographic Machine-Readable Cataloging). For books, the
most frequently used tags are:
010 tag - Library of Congress Control Number (LCCN)
020 tag - International Standard Book Number (ISBN) and terms of availability
040 tag - cataloging source
050 tag - Library of Congress call number
100 tag - personal name main entry (primary author)
130 tag - uniform title main entry
240 tag - uniform title
245 tag - title and statement of responsibility (title proper, name of part/sectionof work, remainder of title, etc.)
246 tag - varying form of title (cover title, parallel title, spine title, portion oftitle)
250 tag - edition (edition statement, other information about edition)
260 tag - publication, distribution, etc. (imprint)
300 tag - physical description (collation)
440 tag - series statement added entry (title)
500 tag - general note
504 tag - bibliography note
505 tag - formatted contents note
520 tag - annotation or summary note
600 tag - personal name subject added entry
610 tag - corporate name subject added entry
650 tag - topical subject heading
651 tag - geographic name subject added entry
700 tag - personal name added entry (joint author, editor, illustrator)
710 tag - corporate name added entry (other than subject or series)
800 tag - series personal name added entry
830 tag - series uniform title added entry
Also refers to a character string attached to a portion of text in an HTML document,
usually at the beginning and end, to identify elements of the file, specify formatting,
or establish a link. To see the tags in this hypertext dictionary, click on "View" or its
equivalent in your Web browser and then select the option "Page Source" or "View

Tag group:
The three-digit content designators (called tags), used to identify fields in the MARC
record, are grouped by function in hundreds as follows, with XX in the range of
0XX tags - Bibliographic control numbers and coded information
1XX tags - Main entries
2XX tags - Titles, edition, imprint
3XX tags - Physical description, etc.
4XX tags - Series statements
5XX tags - Notes
6XX tags - Subject added entries
7XX tags - Added entries other than subject or series; linking fields
8XX tags - Series added entries and holdings
9XX tags - Fields for local use

An acronym for Tagged Image File Format, a widely supported data format
developed by Aldus and Microsoft for storing black-and-white, gray-scale, or color
bitmapped images on a personal computer. Files in TIFF format are compressed and
usually have the extension .tif or .tiff added to the filename.

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