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अपने ज्ञान को साझा करना (शेयर), यह एक तरह से अमरत्व को प्राप्त करने जैसा है- दलाई लामा XIV (Translated By-Asheesh kamal)

Tuesday, July 14, 2015

Different types of libraries


Academic LibrariesAccording to Wikipedia, " a library which serves an institution of higher learning, such as a college or a university — libraries in secondary and primary schools are called school libraries. These libraries serve two complementary purposes: to support the school's curriculum, and to support the research of the university faculty and students. The support of teaching requires material for class readings, and for student papers. In the past, the material for class readings, intended to supplement lectures as prescribed by the instructor, has been called reserves. In the period before electronic resources became available, the reserves were supplied as actual books or as photocopies of appropriate journal articles. Traditionally, one copy of a book was made available for each 10 students — this is practical for large classes only if paperback copies are available, and the books reused from term to term. Academic libraries must decide what focus they take in collecting materials since no single library can supply everything. When there are particular areas of specialization in academic libraries these are often referred to as niche collections. These collections are often the basis of a special collection department and may include original papers, artwork, and artifacts written or created by a single author or about a specific subject."→LIS Cafe-HomeReference : Wikipedia, Academic Library. (2015). 
Public Libraries
According to Encyclopedia Britannica "Public libraries are now acknowledged to be an indispensable part of community life as promoters of literacy, providers of a wide range of reading for all ages, and centers for community information services. Yet, although the practice of opening libraries to the public has been known from ancient times, it was not without considerable opposition that the idea became accepted, in the 19th century, that a library's provision was a legitimate charge on public funds. It required legislation to enable local authorities to devote funds to this cause. Public libraries now provide well-stocked reference libraries and wide-ranging loan services based on systems of branch libraries. They are further supplemented by traveling libraries, which serve outlying districts. Special facilities may be provided for the old, the blind, the hearing-impaired, and others, and in many cases library services are organized for local schools, hospitals, and jails. In the case of very large municipalities, library provision may be on a grand scale, including a reference library, which has many of the features associated with large research libraries. The New York Public Library, for example, has rich collections in many research fields; and the, the first of the great city public libraries in the United States (and the first to be supported by direct public taxation), has had from the first a twofold character as a library for scholarly research as well as for general reading. In the United Kingdom the first tax-supported public libraries were set up in 1850; they provide a highly significant part of the country's total national library service. The importance of public library activities has been recognized in many countries by legislation designed to ensure that good library services are available to all without charge. In many cases public libraries build up collections that relate to local interests, often providing information for local industry and commerce. It is becoming more usual for public libraries to lend music scores, phonograph records, compact discs, and, in some countries—notably Sweden and the United Kingdom—original works of art for enjoyment, against a deposit, in the home."

Association Library
Municipal Public Library
School District Public Library
Special District Public Library

Reference: Encyclopedia Britannica


School Library


According to Wikipedia, "A school library (or a school library media center) is a library within a school where students, staff, and often, parents of a public (state) or private (fee paying) school have access to a variety of resources. The goal of the school library media center is to ensure that all members of the school community have equitable access "to books and reading, to information, and to information technology." A school library media center "uses all types of media... is automated, and utilizes the Internet [as well as books] for information gathering." School libraries are distinct from public libraries because they serve as "learner-oriented laboratories which support, extend, and individualize the school's curriculum... A school library serves as the center and coordinating agency for all material used in the school." 

Reference: Wikipedia
                                                        Medical Libraries
According to Wikipedia , "A health or medical library is designed to assist physicians, health professionals, students, patients, consumers and medical researchers in finding health and scientific information to improve, update, assess or evaluate health care. Medical libraries are typically found in hospitals, medical schools, private industry and in medical or health associations. A typical health or medical library has access to MEDLINE, a range of electronic resources, print and digital journal collections and print reference books. The influence of open access (OA) and free searching via Google and PubMed has a major impact on the way medical libraries operate."
Reference: Wikipedia
                                                         Special Libraries
According to Wikipedia , The definition of special library is a library that meets one or more of the following criteria: specialized information resources on a particular subject), specialized and limited clientele, and delivery of specialized services to that clientele. Special libraries include corporate libraries, government libraries, law librariesmedical libraries, museum libraries, news libraries, nonprofit libraries. Specialized libraries within academic institutions, such as law school libraries and medical school libraries, are under the broad umbrella of special libraries because they are often funded separately from the rest of the university and they serve a targeted groups of users. These libraries are not usually open to the general public, though many are available to specific elements of the public or scheduled appointments. Special libraries are also sometimes known asinformation centers. Some authors differentiate special libraries from information centers by defining the latter as "special libraries with a very narrow scope, a special sort of special library. They are generally staffed by librarians, although many librarians employed in special libraries are specialists in the library's field rather than generally trained librarians, and often are not required to have advanced degrees in specifically library-related field due to the specialized content and clientele of the library. However it is not uncommon for librarians at special libraries to have both a library science degree as well as a degree or experience of some type in the field their library specializes in as opposed to either only library science or field specific experience.
Reference: Wikipedia
Examples of special libraries include:

Advertising & Marketing Libraries
Biomedical & Life Sciences Libraries
Business & Finance Libraries
Chemistry Libraries   →LIS Cafe-Home
Competitive Intelligence Libraries
Engineering Libraries
Environment & Resource Management Libraries
Food, Agriculture & Nutrition Libraries
Government Information Libraries
Knowledge Management Libraries
Legal Libraries         →LIS Cafe-Home
Military Libraries
Museum, Arts and Humanities Libraries
News Libraries
Petroleum and Energy Resources Libraries
Pharmaceuticals and Health Technologies libraries
Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics Libraries
Social Science Libraries    →LIS Cafe-Home

Reference: Wikipedia


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